World Environment Day was established by the UN General Assembly in 1972, in memory of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment during which the United Nations Environment Program was formed. UNEP is an international body which has set itself the objective of promoting serious environmental protection and the sustainable use of natural resources through research grants, initiatives to protect animals and plants, and green projects. that combine productivity with respect for Nature. Since 1974, the commemoration of this date has helped the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) to raise awareness and create political pressure to address growing concerns, such as the reduction of the ozone layer, the management of toxic chemicals, desertification or global warming. Every year the invitation is to reflect on a specific theme, with the idea that everyone can help save our planet.
Biological diversity is the result of the evolutionary process that has generated the great variety of animal and plant species, the events that have determined the current biodiversity are difficult to distinguish between them. This word is a concept that arises as a consequence of the damage caused by pollution and human action on habitats and, as the word itself says, is diversity in the biological world. Only after concerns about ruined flora and fauna was the term biodiversity used to define the biological and genetic variety found on earth. The year 2010 was declared by the united nations the international year of biodiversity, while the decade 2011-2020 was declared the decade of biodiversity. vInternational Biodiversity Day is celebrated every year on May 22nd. The day was set up by the United Nations Assembly to celebrate the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted on May 22 1992, to promote global awareness of biodiversity problems. Three species of evergreen plants mainly characterize the Italian landscape: holly, pine and cork oak. There are fruit trees, olive trees, vines and citrus fruits that characterize our Peninsula. There are also many flowers. In the Alps live the eagle, the ibex, the chamois, the bear, the wolf and the marmot. While, along the coasts there are swordfish, tuna and dolphins.
This event offered the opportunity to talk about the forth meeting in Poland to all the students of our Institute and their families and to introduce them the Erasmus Plus project “INCLUSIVE STRATEGIES”, that will implement inclusive teaching methodologies. THE STUDENTS WERE BRILLIANT AND COMPETENT PROTAGONISTS. We thank our Headmistress, the mayors of Sant’Elia a Pianisi, Pietracatella, Monacilioni, Macchia Val Fortore, students and families.
The third classes of Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado di Sant’Elia a Pianisi attended the Tree Festival organized by our Istituto Omnicomprensivo del Fortore Riccia – S. Elia, with the participation of Legambiente, at the IPSASR in Riccia. The treated theme was related to eco-sustainability, the protection of trees and the environment, for the protection of territory and the damage caused by climate change.
The students and the teachers of Scuola Primaria e Secondaria di I grado di Sant'Elia a Pianisi participated in the school strike for the climate, Fridays for Future, on 27th September 2019 for the second time. Our hearts always beat in unison with the hearts of all the students of the world.
Some teachers and students of Pietracatella, a school of our Institute, took part at the World Cleanup Day on 21st September 2019, together with Legambiente, an Italian association linked to environmental issues. Around the world, participants of all ages and backgrounds tackled out-of-control waste, educated others on the perils of single-use plastic and encouraged individuals and governments to change behavior and policies regarding consumption and waste.
This event offered the opportunity to show the activities done for the proiect to all the students and their families and to talk about the last two meetings, in Croatia and in The Netherlands. THE STUDENTS WERE BRILLIANT, ORIGINAL AND COMPETENT PROTAGONISTS. We thank our Headteacher, the new deputy mayor of Sant’Elia a Pianisi, students and families.
Climate change has a widespread impact across the globe, especially on animal species. Animals from all different regions and habitats are being affected by the changing climate, whether it's directly from rising temperatures or from their food source becoming harder to find. While this list includes 15 species, this list isn't exhaustive. There are many more feeling the impacts of the shifting global climate all over the world.
Agriculture is highly exposed to climate change, as farming activities directly depend on climatic conditions. It also contributes to climate change through the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity. At the same time, agriculture – especially intensive agriculture, characterised by monocultures and aimed at feeding farm animals – is one of the sectors that generates the highest amount of emissions of CO2 (the main greenhouse gas). This quantity can be compared only to the sum total of the CO2 emitted by all forms of transportation. Human activities across the globe—including fossil fuel use, deforestation, and agricultural practices—are contributing to the buildup of atmospheric carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Reduced global beef consumption, reduced food waste, and better farm nutrient management and production can deliver big climate wins while maintaining food security and building resilience.
Invasive alien species (IAS) are animals, plants or other organisms that are introduced into places outside their natural range, negatively impacting native biodiversity, ecosystem services or human well-being. They are one of the biggest causes of biodiversity loss and species extinctions, and are also a global threat to food security and livelihoods. IAS are compounded by climate change. Climate change facilitates the spread and establishment of many alien species and creates new opportunities for them to become invasive. IAS can reduce the resilience of natural habitats, agricultural systems and urban areas to climate change. Conversely, climate change reduces the resilience of habitats to biological invasions.
Our students collaborate with “Caritas” for fundraising to give to people in need. This is the last stall they organized together:
Science climate based experiments
Our students suggested doing two experiments related to greenhouse effect and climate change. The first was on the effects of pollution on the atmosphere. This experiment showed us that the combustion of oxygen and the production of carbon dioxide (CO2 – a compressed gas) decreased atmospheric pressure. The second one was on the increasing of temperature due to the greenhouse effect. The negative aspect of greenhouse effect is that it traps infrared rays.
Although global warming may bring some localized benefits, such as fewer winter deaths in temperate climates and increased food production in certain areas, the overall health effects of a changing climate are likely to be overwhelmingly negative. Climate change affects social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter. Climate impact:
Extreme high air temperatures contribute directly to deaths from cardiovascular and respiratory disease, particularly among elderly people.
High temperatures also raise the levels of ozone and other pollutants in the air that exacerbate cardiovascular and respiratory disease. Pollen and other aeroallergen levels are also higher in extreme heat. These can trigger asthma.
Rising sea levels and increasingly extreme weather events will destroy homes, medical facilities and other essential services. More than half of the world's population lives within 60 km of the sea. People may be forced to move, which in turn heightens the risk of a range of health effects, from mental disorders to communicable diseases.
Increasingly variable rainfall patterns are likely to affect the supply of fresh water. A lack of safe water can compromise hygiene; in extreme cases, water scarcity leads to drought and famine.
Floods are also increasing in frequency and intensity and they contaminate freshwater supplies, heighten the risk of water-borne diseases, and create breeding grounds for disease-carrying insects such as mosquitoes. They also cause drownings and physical injuries, damage homes and disrupt the supply of medical and health services.
Rising temperatures and variable precipitation are likely to decrease the production of staple foods in many of the poorest regions. This will increase the prevalence of malnutrition and undernutrition.
Climatic conditions strongly affect water-borne diseases and diseases transmitted through insects, snails or other cold blooded animals.
A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases produced to directly and indirectly support human activities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2). Carbon dioxide is a so called greenhouse gas causing global warming. The carbon footprint shows how much carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases a person produces in everyday life. It measures the amount of fossil fuels and electricity someone uses up as well as the carbon footprint of the products they buy. When we use our cars or heat our homes with oil or natural gas, carbon dioxide and various other gases are set free. These emissions lead to a denser atmosphere and global warming.
Everything we use, wear, buy, sell and eat takes water to make. The water footprint is a measure of humanity’s appropriation of fresh water in volumes of water consumed and/or polluted.
The heat island is a microclimatic phenomenon that leads to a rise in temperature in urban metropolitan areas. The heat island effect is created by different causes, which are related to each other, to the intensification of which results in a greater alteration of the local microclimate. The phenomenon is prevalent in large urban centers as overheating depends on the thermal and radiative characteristics of the surfaces, which are often unfavorable in areas of high urbanization. In fact, the asphalted and cement-built surfaces absorb heat and do not allow adequate transpiration and evaporation of the soil. The direct consequence of the heat island effect is the raising of temperatures, both in summer and in winter. Temperature increases can exceed + 3 ° C. A series of secondary consequences follow this elevation, as the main direct effect of the island heat effect. Warmer will mean more work in air conditioners, air conditioners and mechanical ventilation to cool the interior and ensure comfort. More energy will be consumed and pollutant emissions will increase.
Our students monitored and wrote down the data regularly, about temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and direction, atmospheric pressure and rainfall. Then they drew two diagrams, one about temperature and one about rainfall in Sant’Elia a Pianisi in April 2019.
The third project meeting was held at BC Broekhin in Roermond, The Netherlands, from 12 to 18 May 2019. All the partners participated: Greece, Croatia, Lithuania, Poland and Italy. The Italian team, 2 teachers and 5 students, arrived at the airport of Eindhoven and then in Roermond, where we had lots of activities, during the meeting, and visited a lot of beautiful and interesting places and cities.
A flood is a body of water that covers land which is normally dry. Floods are common natural disasters that can affect millions of people around the world. They destroy houses and buildings, and carry soil away from valuable farming land. Few events that can cause flooding: rains, river overflow, hurricanes (strong winds in coastal areas), dam breaking, ice and snow-melts. Heavy rainfall caused by climate change as well as human alteration of the land are the main drivers of more frequent flooding. With rising global temperatures due to increased heat-trapping emissions, more water evaporates from the land and oceans. The warmer atmosphere can hold more water vapor. This means that when it rains, there is a higher potential for heavy rainfall, which is the main cause of inland flooding. Some suggestions to prevent floods: cut carbon emissions to limit global warming, nvest in flood-resilient landscapes and infrastructure, tackle climate change, increase spending in flood defences, protect wetlands and introduce plant trees strategically, restore rivers to their natural courses, put up more flood barriers.
According to the vast majority of climate scientists, the planet is heating up. Scientists have concluded that this appears to be the result of increased human emissions of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide, which trap heat near the surface of Earth. Earth’s atmosphere works something like a giant glass greenhouse. As the sun’s rays enter our atmosphere, most continue right down to the planet’s surface. As they hit the soil and surface waters, those rays release much of their energy as heat. Some of the heat than radiates back out into space. However, certain gases in our atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide, methane and water vapor, work like a blanket to retain much of that heat. This help to warm our atmosphere. Humans have further increased the levels of greenhouse gases in the air by changing the landscape. Plants take up carbon dioxide to make food in a process calle photosynthesis. Once cut down, they can no longer take in carbon dioxide, and this gas begins building up in the air instead of fueling the growth of plants. So by cutting down trees and forests for farmland and other human uses, more carbon dioxide is also added into the atmosphere. Renewable energy sources are literally found in sunlight, in the air, deep underground and in our oceans. They are part of the planet’s physical structure, which means they are constantly being renewed by natural means. They simply cannot run out. A series of alternative renewable energy sources are: geothermal energy, hydroelectric energy, marine energy, solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, waste-to-energy, energy or cogeneration from groundwater.
Climate change is a global challenge that has no borders and to combat it requires coordinated work by all countries. There is an important difference between climate change and global warming, however, given that it is global warming that causes climate change. As the planet’s temperature rises more than it would naturally, the climate varies. The main impact was the increase in the global temperature of the planet, which has risen 1.1°C since this period, although it is estimated that, by the end of the present Century, the thermometer could rise by 2.7 °C even if national commitments to reduce emissions are fulfilled. •The global temperature increase brings disastrous consequences, endangering the survival of the Earth’s flora and fauna, including human beings. The worst climate change impacts include the melting of the ice mass at the poles, which in turn causes rising sea level, producing flooding and threatening coastal environments through which small island states risk disappearing entirely.
The second project meeting was held at Osnovna škola Bartola Kašića in Vinkovci, Croatia, from 17 to 23 March 2019. All the partners participated: Greece, Netherlands, Lithuania, Poland and Italy. The Italian team, 3 teachers and 5 students, arrived at the airport of Belgrade “Nikola Tesla” and then in Vinkovci, where we have had lots of activities and cultural moments during the meeting. Pupils attended climate based lessons conducted by teachers from all the six countries. Coordinators had the meeting to discuss project activities and the rest of the group went to Kunjevci forest, where they saw animals and talked about the changes they have noticed and that are caused by climate change. Students attended a lecture at Red Cross Vinkovci about the role of Red Cross organization and they had a short first-aid course. We visited Vukovar, Museum of Vučedol kulture, Ovčara, Ilok and Principovac, Đakovo, Osijek, nature park Kopački rit...
The first climate refugees in the world were the inhabitants of the island of Jean Charles, near the coasts of Lousiana who lost 98% of its surface in 50 years. The same fate has been left to the inhabitants of the island of Saricef in Alaska where the sea continues to advance, growing the whole earth piece by piece. In a report by Oxfam International, we read that between January and September 2017, as many as 15 million people had to leave their homes to escape extreme weather events: of these, 14 million came from low-income countries. Between 2008 and 2016, on average, climate refugees were 21.8 million a year. Among the countries most affected, Bangladesh, India and Nepal, which suffered disastrous floods last August, affecting 43 million people and producing over 1200 victims. In a recently published report, IMF researchers examined the links between extreme weather events and migrations in more than 100 countries over a period of over three decades. They found that an increase in temperature and a greater incidence of meteorological disasters increased emigration rates.
Preparing our packets with beans and chickpeas, our local production, to bring to Vinkovci:
Our mobilization for climate
15 marzo 2019- Our MOBILIZATION for climate, together with the entire world. The hearts of the students of Scuola Primaria e Secondaria di I grado di Sant'Elia a Pianisi beat in unison with the hearts of all the students of the world. The message for the preservation of our Planet started at School. Our students also interviewed our mayor and some citizens they met during the event.
The ISTITUTO COMPRENSIVO DI SANT’ELIA A PIANISI (class IIA and some students of classes IIB and I) has won the 8th edition of the carnival floats parade, which was organized by the “Associazione culturale GENIUS”. Our theme was “STOP CLIMATE CHANGE – TOGETHER EUROPE ACHIEVES MORE”, that is the topic of the ERASMUS PLUS PROJECT implemented in our school. We have carried out an interdisciplinary teaching workshop that has enthusiastically involved students, teachers, families and our whole territory. By having fun, we have conveyed a message of vital and global importance.
The carnival parade is an important event for our territory. We will participate in the parade with an allegorical chariot about climate change, the Erasmus theme. It is a way to create awareness about the climatic problem in the whole population of our territory.
This event offered the opportunity to reflect on the importance of stopping climate change and, at the same time, carried out those metacognitive skills that will allow students to become people aware of their Being and of the unbreakable bond that exists between human beings and the environment. THE STUDENTS WERE BRILLIANT, ORIGINAL AND COMPETENT PROTAGONISTS. We thank our Headteacher, the mayor of Sant’Elia a Pianisi, the representative of “Arma dei Carabinieri”, the representatives of local associations, students and families. Their participation underlines the importance that our territory recognizes to the ERASMUS PLUS Project. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vf7ZH8HwjmE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SufJK5t9G6o https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YjcPmgkw9PM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YjcPmgkw9PM
Teachers have explained what a logo is and how it should be done. They have told the pupils what ideas the Erasmus plus project logo has to contain and after that students have drawn and coloured the following logos.
The members of the local authorities (Headmistress, Teachers, Mayor, Deputy mayor, Regional councilor for culture), Parents and Students presented on 3rd October 2018 Erasmus + project Stop Climate Change - Together Europe Achieves more.